http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com
1887

Transport and the environment: the need for policy for long-term radical change

Transport and the environment: the need for policy for long-term radical change

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
£12.50
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for £75.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Name:*
Email:*
Your details
Name:*
Email:*
Department:*
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
 
 
 
 
 
IEE Proceedings - Intelligent Transport Systems — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

Although transport is an activity fundamental to society, it is also accepted that it has negative impacts. The problem for policy is how to promote economic growth while reducing environmental impacts. The response of society, so far, is inadequate to solve these problems. Dramatic reduction in emissions, are necessary. Most policy analysis does not consider dramatic changes. An important aspect of the limited time horizon of analysis and policy is that there are few plausible and specific visions of very-low-emission transport systems. Directed processes of change—transitions—to new forms of transport are required, in terms of transport systems, the structure of the built environment and lifestyles, and culture. It requires the consideration of how to initiate social and economic processes that will transform transportation. Policy must provide the direction and processes while realising that the ability to control outcomes in detail is limited. The literature on technology transitions is helpful here. The transportation-demand-management (TDM) literature shows how to change behaviour, in particular the need for packages of mutually supporting actions and policies. The literature on sustainable consumption also has useful ideas for strategies to effect behavioural change, similar in some respects to the technological-transitions literature.

References

    1. 1)
      • A.R. Goetz , B. Graham . Air transport globalization, liberalization and sustainability: post-2001 policy dynamics in the United States and Europe. Journal of Transport Geography , 265 - 276
    2. 2)
      • L.J. Schipper , L. Fulton , Hensher , Button . (2003) , Carbon dioxide emissions from transportation: trends, driving factors, and forces for change.
    3. 3)
      • P.R. Stopher , Hensher , Button . (2003) History of environmental legislation, Handbook of transport and the environment.
    4. 4)
      • F.W. Geels . (2002) , Understanding the dynamics of technological transitions: a co-evolutionary and socio-technical analysis.
    5. 5)
      • (2003) , Our energy future—creating a low carbon economy.
    6. 6)
      • (2003) , The future of air transport.
    7. 7)
      • Halcrow 2002, Year 2000 CO2 Forecasts, Halcrow Technical Note 6th October 2002 quoted in DfT 2003.
    8. 8)
      • D.A. Hensher , K.J. Button . (2003) , Handbook of transport and the environment.
    9. 9)
      • H. Badland , G. Schofield . Transport, urban design, and physical activity: an evidence-based update. Transportation Research Part D , 177 - 196
    10. 10)
      • S. Handy , D.A. Hensher , K.J. Button . (2003) Amenity and Severance, Handbook of transport and the environment.
    11. 11)
      • P. Mackie , J. Nellthorp , D.A. Hensher , K.J. Button . (2001) Cost benefit analysis, Handbook of transport systems and traffic control.
    12. 12)
      • D. Banister . (1998) , Transport policy and the environment London.
    13. 13)
      • P. Goodwin , D.A. Hensher , K.J. Button . (2003) Unintended effects of polices, Handbook of transport and the environment.
    14. 14)
      • G. Parkhurst . Air quality and the environmental transport policy discourse in Oxford. Transportation Research Part D , 419 - 436
    15. 15)
      • B. Johansson , Hensher , Button . (2003) , Transportation fuels—a system perspective.
    16. 16)
      • K.-E. Egebäck , P. Ahlvik , R. Westerholm . (1997) , Emissionsfaktorer för fordon drivna med fossila respektive alternativa bränslen.
    17. 17)
      • L.R. Lynd . Overview and evaluation of fuel ethanol from cellulosic biomass: technology, economics, the environment, and policy. Annual Review Of Energy And The Environment , 403 - 465
    18. 18)
      • E. Johnson . LPG: a secure, cleaner transport fuel? A policy recommendation for Europe. Energy Policy , 15 , 1573 - 1577
    19. 19)
      • R.K. Bose , D. Sperling . Transport in Delhi, India: environment problems and opportunities. Transportation Research Record , 3 - 10
    20. 20)
      • M. Khare , P. Sharma , Hensher , Button . (2003) Fuel options, Handbook of Transport and the Environment.
    21. 21)
      • D. Sperling , Hensher , Button . (2003) Cleaner vehicles, Handbook of Transport and the Environment.
    22. 22)
      • P. Nijkamp , S.A. Rienstra , J.M. Vleugel . (1998) , Transportation planning and the future.
    23. 23)
      • C.-J. Brodrick , T.E. Lipman , M. Farshchi , N.P. Lutsey , H.A. Dwyer , D. Sperling , S.W. Gouse , D.B. Harris , F.G. King . Evaluation of fuel cell auxiliary power units for heavy-duty diesel trucks. Transportation Research Part D , 303 - 315
    24. 24)
      • R.J. Spiegel . Platinum and fuel cells. Transportation Research Part D , 357 - 371
    25. 25)
      • C.D. Warren . Carbon fibre in future vehicles. Sampe Journal , 2 , 7 - 15
    26. 26)
      • S. Midenet , F. Boillot , J.-C. Pierrel . Signalized intersection with real-time adaptive control: on-field assessment of CO2 and pollutant emission reduction. Transportation Research Part D , 29 - 47
    27. 27)
      • J. Leonardi , M. Baumgartner . CO2 effciency in road freight transportation: status quo, measures and potential. Transportation Research Part D , 451 - 464
    28. 28)
      • P. Nijkamp , G.C. Pepping , D. Banister . (1996) , Telematics and transport behaviour.
    29. 29)
      • Lowson, M.: `Sustainable personal transport', Proceedings Of The Institution Of Civil Engineers-Municipal Engineer, 2002, London, p. 73–81.
    30. 30)
      • Woppit Automated Transport Network. http://woppit.com/atn/Future_Transport.html, accessed 1 July 2005.
    31. 31)
      • J. Åkerman . Sustainable air transportation in 2050. Transportation Research Part D , 111 - 126
    32. 32)
      • J.E. Greene . Greener by design—the technology challenge. The Aeronautical Journal , 57 - 113
    33. 33)
      • Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI) ‘Silent’ Aircraft Initiative. http://www.cambridge-mit.org/research/sai, accessed 1 July 2005.
    34. 34)
      • Visions 2030. http://www.transportvisions.org.uk, accessed 1 July 2005.
    35. 35)
      • D. Banister . (2000) , The future of transport.
    36. 36)
      • M. Diesendorf . Urban transportation in the 21st century. Environmental Science & Policy , 11 - 13
    37. 37)
      • M. Breheny . The compact city and transport energy consumption. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers , 1 , 81 - 101
    38. 38)
      • T. Hall , Hensher , Button . (1998) Urban Geography 2nd edn Routledge London.
    39. 39)
      • B. Richards . (2001) , Future Transport in Cities.
    40. 40)
      • I. Docherty , J. Shaw , M. Gather . State intervention in contemporary transport. Journal of Transport Geography , 257 - 264
    41. 41)
      • R.B. Noland , L.L. Lem . A review of the evidence for induced travel and changes in transportation and environmental policy in the US and the UK. Transportation Research Part D , 1 - 26
    42. 42)
      • S.D. Beevers , D.C. Carslaw . The impact of congestion charging on vehicle emissions in London. Atmospheric Environment , 1 , 1 - 5
    43. 43)
      • Edie 2005 Drivers to be charged by the mile in congestion plans (published on 10-Jun-2005) http://www.edie.net/news/news_story.asp?id=10077&channel=0, last accessed 01/07/2005.
    44. 44)
      • IPCC 1999 Aviation and the Global Atmosphere. A Special Report of IPCC Working Groups I and III in collaboration with the Scientific Assessment Panel to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. J.E. Penner, D.H. Lister, D.J. Griggs, D.J.Dokken, M.McFarland (Eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    45. 45)
      • L.J. Schipper , S. Meyers , R. Howarth , R. Steiner . (1992) , Energy efficiency and human activity: past trends, future prospects.
    46. 46)
      • A. Schäfer . The global demand for motorized mobility. Transportation Research Part A-Policy And Practice , 6 , 455 - 477
    47. 47)
      • M. Brons , E. Pels , P. Nijkamp , P. Rietveld . Price elasticities of demand for passenger air travel: a meta-analysis. Journal Of Air Transport Management , 3 , 165 - 175
    48. 48)
      • K.A. Small . (2001) , Urban transportation economics.
    49. 49)
      • M.G. McNally , D.A. Hensher , K.J. Button . (2000) The activity based approach, Handbook of Transport Modelling.
    50. 50)
      • P. Waddell , D. Hensher . (2001) Towards a behavioural integration of land use and transportation modelling, Travel Behaviour Research : The Leading Edge.
    51. 51)
      • A.R. Rodriguez , J. Joo . The relationship between non-motorized mode choice and the local physical environment. Transportation Research Part D , 151 - 173
    52. 52)
      • A. Gillespie , P. Healey , R. Robins , Banister , David . (1998) Movement and mobility in the post-Fordist city, Transport Policy and the Environment.
    53. 53)
      • R. Cervero . Built environments and mode choice: toward a normative framework. Transportation Research Part D , 265 - 284
    54. 54)
      • I. Cameron , J.R. Kenworthy , T.J. Lyons . Understanding and predicting private motorised urban mobility. Transportation Research Part D , 267 - 283
    55. 55)
      • J. Anable , W.R. Black , P. Nijkamp . (2000) Picnics, pets and pleasant places: the distinguishing characteristics of leisure travel demand, Social Change and Sustainable Transport.
    56. 56)
      • K.J. Button , Hensher , Button . (2003) Travel, tourism, and the environment, Handbook of transport and the environment.
    57. 57)
      • R. Hiscock , S. Macintyre , A. Keams , A. Ellaway . Means of transport and ontological security: do cars provide psycho-social benefits to users?. Transportation Research Part D , 119 - 135
    58. 58)
      • M. Sheller . Automotive emotions: Feeling the car. Theory Culture & Society , 221 - 237
    59. 59)
      • O. Hagman . Mobilizing meanings of mobility: car users' constructions of the goods and bads of car use. Transportation Research Part D , 1 - 9
    60. 60)
      • D. Walton , J.A. Thomas , V. Dravitzki . Commuters' concern for the environment and knowledge of the effects of vehicle emissions. Transportation Research Part D , 335 - 340
    61. 61)
      • C. Raux . The use of transferable permits in transport policy. Transportation Research Part D , 185 - 197
    62. 62)
      • F. Carlsson . Environmental charges in airline markets. Transportation Research Part D , 137 - 153
    63. 63)
      • L. Szwarcfiter , Eduardo Mendes Francisco , Lebre La Rovere Emilio . Enhancing the effects of the Brazilian program to reduce atmospheric pollutant emissions from vehicles. Transportation Research Part D , 153 - 160
    64. 64)
      • D. Banister . (2002) , Transport planning.
    65. 65)
      • D. Gillingwater , S. Ison , Hensher , Button . (2003) Planning for sustainable environmental futures, Handbook of Transport and the Environment.
    66. 66)
      • T.A. Litman , Hensher , Button . (2003) Transportation demand management and “win-win” transportation solutions, Handbook of Transport and the Environment.
    67. 67)
      • P. Loukopoulos , C. Jakobsson , T. Gärling , C.M. Schneider , S. Fujii . Car-user responses to travel demand management measures: goal setting and choice of adaptation alternatives. Transportation Research Part D , 263 - 280
    68. 68)
      • T. Gärling , P. Loukopoulos , M. Lee-Gosselin , Hensher , Button . (2003) Public attitudes, Handbook of Transport and the Environment.
    69. 69)
      • N. Caid , P. Crist , R. Gilbert , P. Wiederkehr . Environmentally sustainable transport: concept, goal and strategy—the OECD's EST project. Proceedings Of The Institution Of Civil Engineers-Transport , 4 , 219 - 226
    70. 70)
      • R. Hoogma , R. Kemp , J. Schot , B. Truffer . (2002) , Experimenting for sustainable transport experimenting for sustainable transport: the approach of strategic niche management.
    71. 71)
      • D. Banister , D. Stead . Impact of information and communications technology on transport. Transport Reviews , 5 , 611 - 632
    72. 72)
      • C. Freeman , F. Louçã . (2001) , As Time Goes By.
    73. 73)
      • J. Köhler , P. Dewick , M. Miozzo , K. Green . (2005) Making (Kondratiev) waves: simulating long-run technical change, Technology, Knowledge and the Firm: Implications for Strategy and Industrial Change.
    74. 74)
      • T. Jackson , L. Michaelis . (2003) , Policies for sustainable consumption.
http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/ip-its_20060003
Loading

Related content

content/journals/10.1049/ip-its_20060003
pub_keyword,iet_inspecKeyword,pub_concept
6
6
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address