Waveform analysis for high-frequency FMICW radar
The paper describes the waveform analysis for an experimental long-range highfrequency radar system with a design capability for over-the-horizon detection of ocean surface targets up to 400 km from shore with a range resolution of 400 m. Motivated by the need to maximise the transmitter duty cycle in order to detect long-range targets, the radar is based on a frequency modulated interrupted continuous wave (FMICW) type waveform. The interrupt sequence, which is necessary for a high power monostatic operation, complicates the analysis of the radar performance in terms of the ambiguity function (AF). This paper analyses the range dependent AF of FMICW waveforms and proposes practical interrupt sequences for the synthesis of desired AFs.
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