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Device-free indoor localisation with small numbers of anchors

Device-free indoor localisation with small numbers of anchors

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Device-free indoor localisation based on received signal strength (RSS) is unobtrusive and cheap. In a world where most environments are rich in ubiquitous small radio transmitters, it has the potential of being used in a ‘parasitic’ way, by exploiting the transmissions for localisation purposes without any need for additional hardware installation. Starting from state of the art, several steps are needed to reach this aim, the first of which are tackled in this study. The most promising algorithms from the literature are used to experiment in a real-world environment and with a rigorous measurement and analysis framework. Their positioning error performance is analysed versus number and position of devices. The original results obtained show that the currently available RSS-based device-free indoor localisation methods may be well suited to serve as a basis for providing a cheap localisation service in smart environments rich in Internet of things radio devices.

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