RSS-based indoor localisation using MDCF
As a low-cost distance measurement method, received signal strength (RSS) is often used for indoor wireless sensor localisation. However, RSS values can be easily influenced by multi-path fading, noise and other environmental parameters. This decreases the accuracy and stability of estimated distance. To improve localisation accuracy, this study proposes a multiplicative distance-correction factor (MDCF) to counteract the inaccuracy of estimated distance. In the same indoor environment, the product of this CF and estimated distance is regarded as a good approximation of real distance between unknown node and an anchor node. Then, two location estimated methods based on MDCF (MDCF-grid and MDCF-particle swarm optimisation) are proposed. The experimental results confirm that the proposed location estimation methods can significantly improve localisation accuracy without extra hardware in practical indoor scenarios.