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Electrocardiogram signal denoising using non-local wavelet transform domain filtering

Electrocardiogram signal denoising using non-local wavelet transform domain filtering

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Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are usually corrupted by baseline wander, power-line interference, muscle noise etc. Numerous methods have been proposed to remove these noises. However, in case of wireless recording of the ECG signal it gets corrupted by the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). For the correct diagnosis, removal of AWGN from ECG signals becomes necessary as it affects the diagnostic features. The natural signals exhibit correlation among their samples and this property has been exploited in various signal restoration tasks. Motivated by that, in this study we propose a non-local wavelet transform domain ECG signal denoising method which exploits the correlations among both local and non-local samples of the signal. In the proposed method, the similar blocks of the samples are grouped in a matrix and then denoising is achieved by the shrinkage of its two-dimensional discrete wavelet transform coefficients. The experiments performed on a number of ECG signals show significant quantitative and qualitative improvements in denoising performance over the existing ECG signal denoising methods.

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