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Feature-based human motion parameter estimation with radar

Feature-based human motion parameter estimation with radar

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Radar can be an extremely useful sensing technique to observe persons. It perceives persons behind walls or at great distances and in situations where persons have no or poor visibility. Human motion modulates the radar signal which can be observed in the spectrogram of the received signal. Extraction of these movements enables the animation of a person in virtual reality. The authors focus on a fast feature-based approach to estimate human motion features for real-time applications. The human walking model of Boulic is used, which describe the human motion with three parameters. Personification information is obtained by estimating the individual leg and torso parameters. These motion parameters can be estimated from the temporal maximum, minimum and centre velocity of the human motion distribution. Three methods are presented to extract these velocities. Additionally, we extract an independent human motion repetition frequency estimate based on velocity slices in the spectrogram. Kalman filters smooth the parameters and estimate the global Boulic parameters. These estimated parameters are input to the human model of Boulic which forms the basis for animation. The methods are applied to real radar measurements. The animated person generated with the extracted parameters provides a realistic look-alike of the real motion of the person.

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