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Radar wake-vortices cross-section/Doppler signature characterisation based on simulation and field tests trials

Radar wake-vortices cross-section/Doppler signature characterisation based on simulation and field tests trials

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Runway operation is the limiting factor for the overall throughput of airports. Today the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) imposes wake vortex separation minima between following aircrafts that are based on simple pair-wise rules. However, the lifetime of wake vortices results from a much broader basis of factors, that ranges from a large set of aircraft parameters to meteorological conditions and traffic mix. In particular atmospheric conditions can significantly reduce wake hazard, for instance, in case of strong turbulence or crosswinds. While such situations could allow a reduction of the separation minima, safety reasons and the current technical challenges of detecting and managing such scenarios leads to the strict application of the ICAO standards. With the aid of accurate wind data and precise measurements of wake vortices, more efficient intervals could be set, particularly when weather conditions turn favourable. Depending on traffic intensity, these adjustments could enhance airport capacity, and generate major commercial benefits. This study deals with recent development in the radar technology to attain such goals. It presents (i) the trials of an electronic scanning radar to be used in a future wake turbulence advisory system and (ii) theoretical and numerical analysis of the radar response in clear air and in rainy weather. Part of this work has been achieved with the support of the European ATM research program SESAR.

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