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Designing a wide area damping controller to coordinate FACTS devices in the presence of wind turbines with regard to time delay

Designing a wide area damping controller to coordinate FACTS devices in the presence of wind turbines with regard to time delay

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The main objective of this study is to increase the power system oscillation damping in the presence of wind farms using flexible alternating current transmission systems (FACTS) devices and predictive control. The desired design is conducted to coordinate static synchronous compensator–static synchronous series compensator and rotor side converter in doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG). This design is done to compensate for the DFIG reactive power and increase power system oscillation damping in the presence of uncertainties in the wind turbine. The method proposed for coordinated design was based on the network predictive control (NPC) so that it could improve damping, and compensate for the time delays in sending wide area signals. In fact, NPC is based on generalised predictive control (GPC) which has the ability to compensate for time delays using model identification method. Using MATLAB software, the simulation results were conducted on a 16-machine and 69-bus power system under different scenarios; and the ability of NPC is well proven compared with GPC and the classic method of wide area controller.

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