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Lawsonia inermis-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: activity against human pathogenic fungi and bacteria with special reference to formulation of an antimicrobial nanogel

Lawsonia inermis-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: activity against human pathogenic fungi and bacteria with special reference to formulation of an antimicrobial nanogel

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Lawsonia inermis mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and its efficacy against Candida albicans, Microsporum canis, Propioniabacterium acne and Trichophyton mentagrophytes is reported. A two-step mechanism has been proposed for bioreduction and formation of an intermediate complex leading to the synthesis of capped nanoparticles was developed. In addition, antimicrobial gel for M. canis and T. mentagrophytes was also formulated. Ag-NPs were synthesized by challenging the leaft extract of L. inermis with 1 mM AgNO3. The Ag-NPs were characterized by Ultraviolet-Visible (UV–Vis) spectrophotometer and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nanoparticle tracking and analysis sytem (NTA) and zeta potential was measured to detect the size of Ag-NPs. The antimicrobial activity of Ag-NPs was evaluated by disc diffusion method against the test organisms. Thus these Ag-NPs may prove as a better candidate drug due to their biogenic nature. Moreover, Ag-NPs may be an answer to the drug-resistant microorganisms.

Inspec keywords: biodiffusion; biomedical materials; nanomedicine; silver; cellular biophysics; Fourier transform spectra; infrared spectra; gels; antibacterial activity; reduction (chemical); ultraviolet spectra; biochemistry; visible spectra; microorganisms; nanofabrication; transmission electron microscopy; nanoparticles; drugs

Other keywords: Microsporum canis; L. inermis; zeta potential; antibiotics; Lawsonia inermis mediated synthesis; Candida albicans; M. canis; microbial resistance; capped nanoparticle formation; antimicrobial nanogel formulation; intermediate complex formation; P. acne; C. albicans; Trichophyton mentagrophytes; antimicrobial nanoparticle gel; UV-vis spectrophotometer; bioreduction; Ag; antimicrobial activity; silver nanoparticles; T. mentagrophytes; nanoparticle tracking; bactericidal agents; disc diffusion method; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; human pathogenic fungi; leaf extract; biosynthesis route; UV-visible spectrophotometer; Propioniabacterium acne; transmission electron microscopy; fungicidal agents; drug-resistant microorganisms; chemical agents

Subjects: Infrared and Raman spectra in metals; Physical chemistry of biomolecular solutions and condensed states; Cellular biophysics; Gels and sols; Specific chemical reactions; reaction mechanisms; Nanotechnology applications in biomedicine; Biomedical materials; Structure of solid clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanostructured materials; Visible and ultraviolet spectra of metals, semimetals, and alloys; Methods of nanofabrication and processing

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