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Mode excitation in the microstrip slot-coupled three-layer hemispherical dielectric resonator antenna

Mode excitation in the microstrip slot-coupled three-layer hemispherical dielectric resonator antenna

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In this study, a microstrip slot-coupled multilayer dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) structure is rigorously analysed from the modal perspective, taking into account all layers. The choice of layer permittivities of the multilayer structure to reduce the Q-factor and obtain optimum bandwidth performance of the antenna is outlined. Next, the mechanism of bandwidth enhancement for the centred and offset slots is examined taking into account the excited modes in the structure. It is found that while the centred slot couples to one DRA mode, an offset slot can couple to multiple DRA modes together with the slot mode. Thereafter, the excitation efficiency of modes in the multilayer DRA structure is highlighted to thoroughly characterise the modal contribution in the coupling behaviour for the centred and offset-slots.

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