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Hybrid approach for variable speed limit implementation and application to mixed traffic conditions with connected autonomous vehicles

Hybrid approach for variable speed limit implementation and application to mixed traffic conditions with connected autonomous vehicles

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Variable speed limits (VSLs) have a potential to improve mobility and safety of motorway through harmonisation of traffic flow. However, the success of VSL is highly dependent on drivers’ compliance to the displayed speed limits. Emerging technologies in the field of connected autonomous vehicles (CAVs) is likely to revolutionise the way VSL will be operated in the near future. VSL can be integrated with CAVs where CAVs will automatically obey the displayed speed limits. However, 100% penetration rate of CAVs is a long-term goal. At the initial stage of deployment, CAVs will coexist with manually driven vehicles on motorways. This study explores ways to implement VSL under a mixed traffic condition where CAVs and manually driven vehicles coexist in the traffic stream. A hybrid approach combining particle swarm optimisation with proportional-integrated-derivative is proposed to improve VSL implementation under a range of mixed traffic conditions. The simulation results showed that the proposed method successfully achieved the desired speed limits and rapidly stabilised the system at the initial and transient points at penetration rates of 50 and 75%, whereas the method encountered serious overshoots at lower penetration rates.

http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-its.2017.0090
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