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Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced distributed resources

Small-signal dynamic model of a micro-grid including conventional and electronically interfaced distributed resources

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A systematic approach to small-signal modelling of a micro-grid system that includes conventional (rotating machine) and electronically interfaced distributed resource (DR) units is presented here. The proposed approach incorporates fundamental frequency deviations in the overall system model and provides a methodology for the analysis of autonomous micro-grid, which inherently is more prone to frequency changes than the conventional utility grid. The model represents (i) electro-mechanical dynamics of the synchronous machine including the exciter and the governor systems, (ii) dynamics of the voltage-sourced converter and its real/reactive power controllers and (iii) the network dynamics. The model is intended for the controller design/optimisation, evaluation of angle/voltage stability, investigation of torsional dynamics, controller interactions of electronically interfaced DR units and low-frequency power quality issues. Typical results from application of the proposed modelling approach to a study system are presented. The results are qualitatively verified on the basis of the comparison with those obtained from time-domain simulation in the PSCAD/EMTDC environment.

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