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Power transformers monitoring based on electrical measurements: state of the art

Power transformers monitoring based on electrical measurements: state of the art

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Faults diagnosis in power transformers has been traditionally based on the insulation resistance measurement, polarisation index, analysis of dissolved gasses in oil, dissipation/power factor measurement, and partial discharges within many other alternatives. Originally, all these techniques presented an offline implementation, that is, with the transformer out of service. Currently, some of them, such as partial discharges measurement or gas analysis (gas chromatography), are carried out online in those cases in which the importance of a machine justifies it. These techniques have been recently complemented with new alternatives, such as frequency response analysis, an offline application technique. At the same time, in recent years, development of online diagnostic strategies has been carried out only based in monitoring of electrical variables. These techniques have the advantage of being economical in relation to traditional ones. Its development are incipient and with high growth potential. This study presents a review of the most important techniques and a critical comparison between them.

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