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Synchro-phasors Assisted Back-up Protection of Transmission Line

Synchro-phasors Assisted Back-up Protection of Transmission Line

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Certain power system situations force protection schemes to mal-operate. Such mal-operations associated with back-up protection (BP) schemes might worsen the situation by initiating the cascading effect, damaging critical elements such as generation units, transformers etc. of the power system, or leading to complete collapse of the power system. To adapt to such a network structure, the relays which are going to participate in BP of transmission line have to evolve. Integration of protection systems, communication network, and computer technology has to be the approach for faster information sharing and decision making. Analysis of recent blackouts clearly shows the importance of advancement of wide-area measurement systems and adaptive nature of relaying. Synchro-phasors assisted BP scheme is proposed in this work, which helps the relays adapt according to the prevailing system situations and decisive action is taken considering security and dependability aspects of the relays.

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