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Characterisation of gas turbine dynamics during frequency excursions in power networks

Characterisation of gas turbine dynamics during frequency excursions in power networks

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Gas turbines inherently depict unique frequency response characteristics compared with other conventional synchronous generation technologies as their active power output is not entirely determined by the governor response during frequency deviations of the power network. Thus, gas turbine dynamics significantly influence on system stability during frequency events in power networks. Power system and power plant operators require improved understanding of the gas turbine characteristics during various frequency events in order to mitigate adverse impact on power system. Therefore a comparative analysis has been performed between combined-cycle gas turbines (CCGTs) and open-cycle gas turbines (OCGTs) in order to characterise the dynamic behaviour considering different types of frequency events in power networks. Study has shown that CCGTs result in significant frequency variations in power networks in comparison with OCGTs because of the temperature control action performed by the fast acting inlet guide vanes at the combustor. In particular, they are susceptible to lean blowout during large frequency increase events such as short-circuit faults in power networks. Furthermore, a case study was developed based on the New England-39 bus system in order to illustrate the impact of gas turbine dynamics on network frequency during short-circuit events in power networks.

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