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Automated approach for indirect immunofluorescence images classification based on unsupervised clustering method

Automated approach for indirect immunofluorescence images classification based on unsupervised clustering method

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Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are a collection of many complex disorders of unknown aetiology resulting in immune responses to self-antigens and are thought to result from interactions between genetic and environmental factors. ADs collectively are amongst the most prevalent diseases in the U.S., affecting at least 7% of the population. The diagnosis of ADs is very complex, the standard screening methods provides seeking and recognizing of Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA) by Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF) based on HEp-2 cells. In this paper an automatic system able to identify and classify the Centromere pattern is presented. The method is based on the grouping of centromeres present on the cells through a clustering K-means algorithm. The performances were obtained on two public database of IIF images (A.I.D.A. and MIVIA). Our results showed a sensitivity for image of (90 ± 5)% and a Accuracy equal to (98.0 ± 0.5)%. Results demonstrate that the system is able to identify and classify Centromere pattern with accuracy better or comparable with some representative state of the art works. Moreover, it should be noted that for the classification phase the works used for the comparison used an expert-manual segmentation while, in the present work, the segmentation was obtained automatically.

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