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Sparse power allocation in downlink transmission of cloud radio access networks

Sparse power allocation in downlink transmission of cloud radio access networks

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Here, the authors investigate the optimum power allocation to increase the ergodic capacity in cloud radio access network (C-RAN). At first, some closed-form expressions are derived to calculate the ergodic capacity in downlink transmission of C-RAN. This is followed by using these expressions to optimise the power sharing among remote radio heads (RRHs), where this process is coordinated in a baseband unit. Then a sparse power allocation (SPA) strategy is proposed for coordination multipoint joint transmission (CoMP-JT). By applying SPA in C-RAN, the power allocations for RRHs can be managed to achieve higher capacity. The improvement in capacity is more satisfied in low signal-to-noise ratio region. It is shown that the proposed method can improve the ergodic capacity and meanwhile reduces the network power consumption. Simulation results show that using SPA strategy for CoMP-JT increases the ergodic capacity by 4 bits/s/Hz in 8-RRHs C-RAN compared with equal power allocation technique.

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