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Robust adaptive beamforming of coherent signals in the presence of the unknown mutual coupling

Robust adaptive beamforming of coherent signals in the presence of the unknown mutual coupling

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A new method based on the matrices reconstruction is proposed to deal with coherent signals in the presence of the unknown mutual coupling. By using a novel expression of the spatial covariance matrix in the presence of mutual coupling, the interference-plus-noise covariance matrix and the desired signal covariance matrix can be reconstructed via estimating the autocorrelation matrix of the signal envelope with unknown mutual coupling in an iteration process. Based on the criterion of the maximum output signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio, a subspace orthogonal to the interference subspace can be then found out by using these reconstructed matrices. Therefore, the desired signal and the noise can be let out by mapping this estimated subspace to the observed data. Finally, an optimal weight vector can be obtained by maximising the output power of the desired signal. The performance of the proposed method is quite close to the optimal beamforming. The simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed beamformer.

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