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Binary-coded decimal digit multipliers

Binary-coded decimal digit multipliers

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With the growing popularity of decimal computer arithmetic in scientific, commercial, financial and Internet-based applications, hardware realisation of decimal arithmetic algorithms is gaining more importance. Hardware decimal arithmetic units now serve as an integral part of some recently commercialised general purpose processors, where complex decimal arithmetic operations, such as multiplication, have been realised by rather slow iterative hardware algorithms. However, with the rapid advances in very large scale integration (VLSI) technology, semi- and fully parallel hardware decimal multiplication units are expected to evolve soon. The dominant representation for decimal digits is the binary-coded decimal (BCD) encoding. The BCD-digit multiplier can serve as the key building block of a decimal multiplier, irrespective of the degree of parallelism. A BCD-digit multiplier produces a two-BCD digit product from two input BCD digits. We provide a novel design for the latter, showing some advantages in BCD multiplier implementations.

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