Automatic speaker verification on narrowband and wideband lossy coded clean speech

Automatic speaker verification on narrowband and wideband lossy coded clean speech

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Substantial progress has been achieved in voice-based biometrics in recent times but a variety of challenges still remain for speech research community. One such obstacle is reliable speaker authentication from speech signals degraded by lossy compression. Compression is commonplace in modern telecommunications, such as mobile telephony, VoIP services, teleconference, voice messaging or gaming. In this study, the authors investigate the effect of lossy speech compression on text-independent speaker verification. Voice biometrics performance is evaluated on clean speech signals distorted by the state-of-the-art narrowband (NB) as well as wideband (WB) speech codecs. The tests are performed in both channel-matched and channel-mismatched scenarios. The test results show that coded WB speech improves voice authentication precision by 1–3% of equal error rate over coded NB speech, even at the lowest investigated bitrates. It is also shown that the enhanced voice services codec does not provide better results than the other codecs involved in this study.

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