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Enhancement of birefringence in polarisation-maintaining fibres by thermal annealing

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Abstract

The thermal behaviour of highly birefringent polarisation-maintaining optical fibres is studied, and the thermal hysteresis of the birefringence is related to the quenching of the fibre. Suitable ‘on-line’ thermal annealing during fibre drawing is shown to be a method for the full development of the high anisotropic stresses potentially available in high birefringence structures using borosilicate stress-producing parts.

References

    1. 1)
      • R.D. Birch , D.N. Payne , M.P. Varnham . Fabrication of polarisation maintaining fibres using gas-phase etching. Electron. Lett. , 1036 - 1038
    2. 2)
      • T. Katsuyama , H. Matsumura , T. Suganuma . Low-loss single-polarisation fibres. IEEE Trans. , 473 - 474
    3. 3)
      • V. Ramaswamy , R.H. Stolen , M.D. Divino , W. Pleibel . Birefringence in elliptically clad borosilicate single-mode fibres. Appl. Opt. , 4080 - 4084
    4. 4)
      • Barlow, A.J., Payne, D.N.: `Measurement of fibre polarisation properties using a photo-elastic modulator', Technical Digest of Symposium on optical fibre measurements, 1982, p. 101–104.

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