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Engineering interoperability in the US: video tolling and multiprotocol tags and readers

Engineering interoperability in the US: video tolling and multiprotocol tags and readers

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The lack of national standards in the United States has been the primary obstacle not only in slowing interoperability but also in the advancement of mobile payment and ITS systems. Effectively, we had 50 individual countries protecting their investments in the technology and unique business rules that they deployed years prior. Tolling in the United States grew up with every individual deployment believing that the concepts of their agency, state or region were better than anyone else's. In the early years, most agencies did not consider the need for cooperation between their agency and agencies or states beyond their confined regions. With the continued vision of those working on interoperability, this issue will be solved prior to the implementation of autonomous vehicles. This will bring mobile payments not only to tolling but also to commercial applications such as parking and fast food, not just in the United States but worldwide.

Chapter Contents:

  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Interoperability when cash was king
  • 12.3 Electronic toll collection (ETC)–the early days
  • 12.4 The start: formation of E-ZPass
  • 12.4.1 The building blocks of interoperability
  • 12.4.1.1 Account recognition
  • 12.4.1.2 Transaction and valid account acceptance
  • 12.4.1.3 Transaction exchange and posting
  • 12.4.1.4 Reconciliation
  • 12.4.1.5 Settlement
  • 12.5 A small greenfield project that changes everything: North Carolina
  • 12.6 Multiprotocol tags and readers
  • 12.6.1 A new tag and protocol—ISO-18000-6C
  • 12.6.2 National interoperability
  • 12.6.3 Governance of interoperability
  • 12.7 The future of tolling in North America
  • 12.8 Lessons for other countries
  • References

Inspec keywords: road pricing (tolls); traffic engineering computing; road traffic

Other keywords: mobile payment; multiprotocol readers; US; autonomous vehicles; multiprotocol tags; video tolling; United States; ITS systems; intelligent transportation systems

Subjects: Traffic engineering computing

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