Active transport: policy directions for creating built environments that support health and well-being
The health and well-being of individuals and the communities to which they belong is strongly affected by travel behaviour, especially in car-dependent cities where sedentary lifestyles and social isolation are direct outcomes. Our chapter focuses on these issues, examining how planning policy, practice and design can facilitate health promoting, low carbon active transport such as public transport use, walking and cycling. We discuss the potential co-benefits emerging from the adoption of such mobility policies. The co-benefits are largely found in the areas of environmental impact, public health, social cohesion and economic productivity. A framework for identifying and assessing potential co-benefits is provided, as are case studies of planning and policy interventions to encourage low carbon active transport forms.