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Active transport: policy directions for creating built environments that support health and well-being

Active transport: policy directions for creating built environments that support health and well-being

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The health and well-being of individuals and the communities to which they belong is strongly affected by travel behaviour, especially in car-dependent cities where sedentary lifestyles and social isolation are direct outcomes. Our chapter focuses on these issues, examining how planning policy, practice and design can facilitate health promoting, low carbon active transport such as public transport use, walking and cycling. We discuss the potential co-benefits emerging from the adoption of such mobility policies. The co-benefits are largely found in the areas of environmental impact, public health, social cohesion and economic productivity. A framework for identifying and assessing potential co-benefits is provided, as are case studies of planning and policy interventions to encourage low carbon active transport forms.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Linking the built environment, travel modes and health
  • 9.3 Defining co-benefits
  • 9.4 Planning and policy directions for active transport
  • 9.4.1 Planning interventions overview
  • 9.4.2 Policy interventions overview
  • 9.5 Co-benefits generated from low carbon mobility plans
  • 9.5.1 Public health benefits
  • 9.5.2 Environmental benefits
  • 9.5.3 Quality of life and social benefits
  • 9.5.4 Economic and productivity benefits
  • 9.6 Case studies of current policy and practice
  • 9.6.1 National Heart Foundation
  • 9.6.2 Walk21
  • 9.6.3 'Health in all policies' South Australia
  • 9.6.4 NSW 'Healthy Urban Development Checklist'
  • 9.6.5 Sydney Metropolitan Strategy
  • 9.7 Estimating co-benefits
  • 9.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Glossary
  • Further Reading

Inspec keywords: environmental economics; public transport

Other keywords: walking; public health; economic productivity; travel behaviour; environmental impact; mobility policies; public transport; social cohesion; health-promoting low-carbon active transport; cycling; car-dependent cities; planning policy

Subjects: Social and political issues; Transportation industry; Economics; Environmental issues

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