Urban mobility: challenges and opportunities
This chapter describes the major transport challenges facing our cities. This includes rising urban populations, road crashes and injuries, congestion, environmental emissions, ageing transport infrastructure and limited budgets to maintain and upgrade the urban infrastructure necessary for resilient modern transport systems. The chapter also describes how the traditional approaches to meeting the demand for travel, for example building additional road capacity, have met with limited success. Finally, the chapter introduces the elements of a framework for low carbon mobility which includes strategies for promoting integrated transport planning, public and active transport and the role of digital innovations and disruptive technologies in improving connectivity and efficiency of services.