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Hydrogen storage and compression

Hydrogen storage and compression

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Energy has always been the driving force in the technological and economic development of societies. The consumption of a significant amount of energy is required to provide basic living conditions of developed countries (heating, transportation, lighting, etc.). Today's energy supply has a considerable impact on the environment, since it is fuelled by the burning of fossil fuels. In addition to this, the fossil fuel reserves are decreasing while the demand for energy is rapidly rising. Climate change, the depletion and geographical segregation of fossil fuel resources, health related issues as well as energy poverty constitute the driving forces towards the pursuit of alternative energy sources. In addition, countries with no access to oil reserves are being dependent from other countries for their energy supply, with a strong impact on politics and financial issues. But apart from occasional financial recessions, the long-term need for increasing amounts of energy as countries develop will become a major rate limiting step in the growth of the world economy [1]. The last years there is an on-going research on alternative fuels in order to overcome the fossil energy dependence and to provide a sustainable growth of economies and societies.

Chapter Contents:

  • 1.1 Towards a hydrogen economy
  • 1.2 Hydrogen - Thermo-physical properties
  • 1.3 Hydrogen storage
  • 1.3.1 Compressed hydrogen gas (CGH2)
  • 1.3.2 Liquid hydrogen (LH2)
  • 1.3.3 Solid storage of hydrogen (SSH2)
  • 1.3.3.1 AB-type TiFe intermetallic compounds
  • 1.3.3.2 AB2 Laves Phases Zr-based intermetallic compounds
  • 1.4 Hydrogen compressors
  • 1.4.1 Mechanical compressors
  • 1.4.2 Non-mechanical compressors
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Inspec keywords: fossil fuels; hydrogen storage

Other keywords: societies; energy supply; fossil fuel resources; politics; hydrogen storage; geographical segregation; energy poverty; occasional financial recessions; financial issues; technological development; climate change; economic development; hydrogen compression

Subjects: Hydrogen storage and technology; Other energy storage; Fossil fuels; Energy resources

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