The power grid as part of a 100 renewable energy system

The power grid as part of a 100 renewable energy system

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The large-scale integration of VRE into power grids requires substantial transformations to increase the power system flexibility: (1) to allow bidirectional electricity flow, which is aimed to ensure grid PQR when including DER; (2) to establish DR mechanisms aimed at reducing peak-loads in order to deal with increased variability; (3) to expand grid interconnection at the regional and international level aimed at increasing balancing capabilities and stability; (4) include technologies and procedures to ensure adequate stability and control (e.g., frequency, voltage, power balance) in the presence of VRE and (5) to exploit the ESS potential to store electricity surplus from VRE. Smart grids have the potential to benefit the whole value chain so that system operators can get the required power security and quality of supply.

Chapter Contents:

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Status and trends in the voluntary use of renewable energy
  • 1.2.1 World's leading companies pledge to use 100 renewable
  • 1.2.2 The islands leading towards 100 renewable
  • 1.3 The 100 renewable energy system
  • 1.4 Flexibility
  • 1.5 The role of the electricity transport
  • 1.6 The role of energy storage
  • 1.7 Reliability in the 100 renewable energy system
  • 1.7.1 The view of the electricity consumer
  • 1.7.2 The view of the electricity producer
  • 1.7.3 The view of the system operator
  • 1.8 The transition stage: towards 100 renewable energy
  • 1.9 Renewable energy integration issues
  • 1.10 The prosumer role
  • 1.11 Key technologies
  • References

Inspec keywords: power system interconnection; power system stability; renewable energy sources; power system reliability; smart power grids; power supply quality

Other keywords: grid power quality reliability; power system flexibility; electricity surplus; balancing capability; DER; large-scale integration; distributed energy resources; power security; regional level; smart grids; variable renewable energy; power grid; substantial transformations; bidirectional electricity flow; balancing stability; grid PQR; renewable energy system; international level; VRE; grid interconnection

Subjects: Power supply quality and harmonics; Power system management, operation and economics; Reliability; Control of electric power systems; Stability in control theory; Power system control

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