Synchrophasor applications for load estimation and stability analysis
The use of advanced real-time monitoring and control technologies have made it possible to transform the existing power grid into smart grid. With the development of phasor measurement units (PMUs) and the availability of real-time measurements, it has become possible to develop data-driven power system applications to enhance the stability and reliability of the power grid. The application of synchrophasor measurements for online assessment of voltage stability, real-time load parameter estimation, and transient stability prediction is presented in this chapter. The different voltage stability monitoring tools used in the industry are reviewed and analyzed. PMU-based distributed voltage stability monitoring technique is also presented in this chapter. The load modeling tool used in the industry and comprehensive research effort in load modeling is discussed in this chapter. The adaptive search-based recursive least-square algorithm is presented for improved online estimation of load parameters. The existing techniques available in the literature for transient stability assessment are reviewed in this chapter. Application of maximum Lyapunov exponent (MLE) for PMU-based online transient stability detection is discussed. The effectiveness of MLE-based method is demonstrated on real-time simulation of New England 39 bus system.