Smart Grid versus conventional electrical networks

Smart Grid versus conventional electrical networks

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The aim of this chapter is to give the reader a comparison between conventional electrical networks and future Smart Grid. The infrastructure of conventional electrical networks will be reviewed followed by highlighting their main characteristics. The motives behind modernizing conventional electrical networks which led to the development of the Smart Grid concept will be discussed. This is followed by discussing evolution of the Smart Grid concept. Finally, the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), which is considered as the fundamental and first step to the overall modernization of conventional electrical networks, will be covered.

Chapter Contents:

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conventional electrical networks
  • 2.2.1 Infrastructure of conventional electrical networks
  • 2.2.2 Main characteristics of conventional electrical networks
  • 2.3 Motives behind developing the Smart Grid concept
  • 2.3.1 Aging of conventional electrical networks coupled with the emergence of new applications
  • 2.3.2 Political and environmental factors
  • 2.3.3 Liberalization of electricity market (economic factors)
  • 2.3.4 Motivation and inclusion of customers
  • 2.4 Comparison between Smart Grid and conventional electrical networks
  • 2.5 Evolution of Smart Grid concept
  • 2.5.1 Characteristics of Smart Grid as defined by EU and US Smart Grid visions
  • Enable active participation by consumers
  • Accommodate all generation and storage options
  • Enable new products, services, and markets
  • Provide power quality for digital economy
  • Optimize asset utilization and operate efficiently
  • Anticipate and respond to system disturbances (self-heal)
  • Operate resiliently against attack and natural disaster
  • 2.5.2 Advanced metering infrastructure
  • Definition of AMI
  • Main components of AMI
  • AMI communication infrastructure
  • Communication technologies adapted for AMI
  • 2.6 An overview of the Smart Grid infrastructure
  • 2.7 Summary
  • References

Inspec keywords: power meters; smart power grids

Other keywords: smart grid; AMI; advanced metering infrastructure; electrical networks

Subjects: Power systems; Power system measurement and metering; Power and energy measurement

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