Ni- and Cu-based catalysts for methanol and ethanol reforming
Steam reforming of light alcohols such as methanol and ethanol can be one solution in the transfer towards hydrogen economy. The increasing need of hydrogen pushes the scientists in academia and industry to develop new and efficient catalysts for production of hydrogen. An extensive number of articles have been published on methanol and ethanol steam reforming catalysts based on the transition and precious metals (e.g. Cu, Ni, Pd and Pt) supported on various metal and mixed oxides (e.g. Al2O3, ZnO, TiO2, ZrO2, CeO2, CeO2-ZrO2) as well as on carbon supports (e.g. active carbon (AC), carbon nanotubes (CNTs)). Catalysts' activity, selectivity and tolerance towards deactivation are the main questions in which the answers are needed to be found. In this chapter, the recently developed nickeland copperbased catalysts are presented for steam reforming of light alcohols.