Examples of cogeneration projects
The scope of this chapter is to present successful cogeneration projects. As written in Chapter 5, there are four main sectors of cogeneration applications: utility, industrial, commercial (called also building), and agricultural sector; district heating can be categorized in the utility sector. Therefore, the example projects will be presented in the following by the application sector. Undoubtedly, there are innumerable successful cogeneration projects worldwide, and the intention here is not to give an exhaustive list (it would be rather impossible) but to give only a few characteristic examples. The selection was necessarily restricted to combined heat and power (CHP) plants with data available in the open literature only, so that revealing proprietary information is avoided. The eight applications of cogeneration, presented in this chapter, are covering all types of technologies (i.e., internal combustion engines, combined cycle, steam turbine, gas turbine, etc.), all major fuels used (i.e., natural gas, biomass, coal, etc.), all various capacities (i.e., micro, small-scale, and large), and all sectors of the economy (i.e., utility, industrial, commercial, and agricultural), so that the reader can form an integrated overview and understanding of modern cogeneration projects.