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Regulatory and legal framework of cogeneration

Regulatory and legal framework of cogeneration

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This chapter presents the regulatory and legal framework of cogeneration. It is known that the first commercial combined heat and power (CHP) unit started its operation in 1882, in New York, United States, producing both electrical and thermal energy using waste heat, in order to heat nearby buildings, operating in a nonregulatory environment. But in the late 1800s, new regulations were enacted in the United States of America to promote rural electrification, by constructing centralised power plants, which discouraged decentralised ones, like those for cogeneration.

Chapter Contents:

  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 European policy on energy efficiency and on cogeneration
  • 11.2.1 The general framework
  • 11.2.1.1 Article 7: Energy efficiency obligation schemes
  • 11.2.1.2 Article 14: Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling
  • 11.2.1.3 Article 15: Energy transformation, transmission and distribution
  • 11.2.1.4 Annex I-II-X: General principles for the calculation of electricity from cogeneration - Methodology for determining the efficiency of the cogeneration process - Guarantee of origin for electricity produced by HECHP
  • 11.2.2 Examples of policy development in European countries
  • 11.2.2.1 Policy development of cogeneration in Germany
  • 11.2.2.2 Policy development of cogeneration in the Netherlands
  • 11.3 Regulatory and legal framework in countries outside Europe
  • 11.3.1 Regulatory and legal framework in the United States of America
  • 11.3.2 Policy development of cogeneration in PR of China
  • 11.3.3 Policy development of cogeneration in Japan
  • 11.4 Impact of electricity and gas liberalisation on cogeneration
  • 11.4.1 Introduction to EU electricity and gas liberalisation
  • 11.4.2 EU energy liberalisation and its impact on cogeneration
  • 11.5 Conclusions
  • Acronyms
  • References

Inspec keywords: waste heat; buildings (structures); government policies; cogeneration

Other keywords: New York; nearby buildings; thermal energy; electrical energy; United States of America; regulatory framework; nonregulatory environment; CHP unit; cogeneration; centralised power; combined heat and power unit; legal framework; waste heat; rural electrification

Subjects: Thermal power stations and plants; Energy and environmental policy, economics and legislation; Buildings (energy utilisation)

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