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Personal monitoring and health data acquisition in smart homes

Personal monitoring and health data acquisition in smart homes

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Human Monitoring, Smart Health and Assisted Living: Techniques and technologies — Recommend this title to your library

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The use of ambient assisted living technology, namely technology to improve the quality of life of people at home, is becoming a common trait of modern society. This technology, however, is difficult to be completely defined and classified, since it addresses many different human needs ranging from the physiological sphere to the psychological and social ones. In this chapter we focus on personal monitoring and data acquisition in smart homes, and propose the results of our research activities in the form of the description of three functional prototypes, each one addressing a specific need: an environmental monitoring system to measure the respiratory rate, a domotic architecture for both comfort assessment and user indoor localization, and a device for supporting mobility indoors. Each prototype description is followed by an experimental analysis and, finally, by considerations suggesting possible future developments in the very near future.

Chapter Contents:

  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Respiratory rate detection using an RGB-D camera
  • 1.2.1 System configuration
  • 1.2.1.1 Hardware
  • 1.2.1.2 Software
  • 1.2.2 Respiratory rate detection
  • 1.2.3 Experimental validation
  • 1.2.3.1 Setup
  • 1.2.3.2 Results
  • 1.2.3.3 Considerations on the respiratory rate detection
  • 1.3 The ComfortBox: an IoT architecture for indoor comfort monitoring and user localization
  • 1.3.1 System architecture
  • 1.3.2 Comfort analysis
  • 1.3.2.1 Thermal comfort
  • 1.3.2.2 Olfactory comfort
  • 1.3.2.3 Acoustic comfort
  • 1.3.2.4 Visual comfort
  • 1.3.3 Fuzzy inference system
  • 1.3.4 RSSI-based localization
  • 1.3.4.1 Indoor localization algorithms
  • 1.3.4.2 Experimental results
  • 1.3.4.3 Considerations on the ComfortBox
  • 1.4 A mobility support forAAL environments: the smart wheelchair
  • 1.4.1 System setup
  • 1.4.2 Experimental results
  • 1.4.2.1 Localization
  • 1.4.2.2 Path following and obstacle avoidance
  • 1.4.2.3 Considerations on the smart wheelchair
  • 1.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

Inspec keywords: pneumodynamics; assisted living; ambient intelligence; patient monitoring; data acquisition

Other keywords: human needs; social need; environmental monitoring system; domotic architecture; respiratory rate; physiological sphere; mobility indoors; personal monitoring; health data acquisition; ambient assisted living technology; psychological need; comfort assessment; smart homes; user indoor localization

Subjects: Haemodynamics, pneumodynamics; Biomedical communication; Data acquisition systems; Biomedical engineering

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