Smart fabric sensor architectures and technologies
This chapter presents a possible path towards fully wearable and fabric-based electronic platforms. It provides an overview of materials and methods in the field of smart fabrics and e-textiles with the perspective of achieving fabric-based standalone platforms. Electronic components, interconnects and sensors can be made out of fabric and polymeric materials. Smart fabric sensors can measure force, pressure, strain, temperature and chemicals, among other parameters. Fabric power elements compatible with textile platforms are found in textile capacitors, supercapacitors, solar cells and energy-harvesting components. All these elements can be integrated such that a complete sensing and electronics platform is primarily made of compliant materials. Flexible macroelectronics technologies have a direct impact on wearables and development of functionalized textiles.