Inspec keywords: biometrics (access control); ear; feature extraction; computer vision; object detection; image segmentation

Other keywords: image-pixels; entire recognition system; pixel-wise information; two-class segmentation problem; ear detection technique; good detection results; pixel-wise ear detection; detected ear; biometric recognition systems; ear accessories; object detection; design; machine vision; convolutional encoder–decoder; nonear class; ear images

Subjects: Optical, image and video signal processing; Computer vision and image processing techniques; Image recognition