Inspec keywords: energy management systems; lithium; secondary cells; battery management systems; Kalman filters

Other keywords: charging process; adaptive extended Kalman filter; state-of-charge; lithium-ion battery modelling; equilibrium potential E; online energy management systems; SOC estimation methods; covariance parameters; discharging current; equivalent internal resistance; observation errors; Li; discharging process

Subjects: Secondary cells; Secondary cells; Power system management, operation and economics